5 Things To Know About Fishing Ships Tracking

Jul 22, 2019 | Live Vessel Tracking

5 THings to Know about Fishing Ships Tracking

After answering these 5 questions about fishing ships tracking you will know not only how the data is collected in the background but also will learn a few examples of what you could use the fishing ships tracking data for. 

1. Why fishing vessels are monitored?

Fisheries are one of the major maritime industries from the perspective of maritime vessel traffic load.

The governments closely monitor fisheries for a few reasons: to prevent overfishing, reduce marine pollution and to control marine life development.  Overfishing can result in fish species enxtintion and as a result scarce of seafood for humans. Controlling it not only helps improve the marine biosphere but ensures future food supply for people all over the world. 

In EU in particular, as a general rule, fishing vessels registered in the EU fishing fleet register have equal access to all the EU waters. Fisheries normally get authorization through a fishing license. However, the resources of the sea for most commercial fish species are limited through total allowable catches (TACs).


2. How fisheries are tracked?

Fishing ships tracking with GPS and AIS satellite systems is mandatory for the most medium and large vessels. Fisheries are obliged to automatically report their position, location, speed, activity, course and other data to the authorities.

An AIS transmitter equipped on each fishing boat sends radio signals to the AIS receiver where the radio code reaches. Later the receiver transmits the code and decodes the message for further control and analysis.


3. How fisheries movement data is extracted?

Normally, data about the ship, MMSI code, IMO code, speed, location, coordinates, course against the ground and other data transmit and report from the onboard device.

Nevertheless, Capitan can add further information such as sending information about his name as an additional message.

Here is an example of the message which is transmitted to the AIS receiver (either Terrestrial or Satellite):


The data is further decoded and stored for further analysis.

4. What is the fishery Vessel Monitoring System (VMS)?

VMS was created between international governments and maritime territory for the purpose of fishing ships tracking. 

VMS is different from AIS technology as discussed before and this encrypted information is sent and shared with every limited entities. Reporting is less frequent than AIS.

According to the European official portal, the vessel monitoring system (VMS) is a satellite-based monitoring system that at regular intervals provides data to the fisheries authorities on the location, course and speed of vessels.

VMS is nowadays a standard tool of fisheries monitoring and control worldwide.

5. How to use fishing ships tracking API?

Vessels tracking API by Datalastic also specializes in Fishing vessel tracking. The data about fisheries are stored in powerful and reliable databases. You can access that data via datalastic API web services.

Based on the experience with projects that Datalastic customers typically take,  here are a few ideas what you could do with fishing ships tracking data:


  1. Fisheries tracking API for Analytics – a creation of dashboards and analysis of fisheries movement, creation predictions, and forecasts of maritime traffic.
  2. Fishing vessels API for Integration with existing apps – a substitution of existing API with faster and more agile data by Datalastic.
  3. Fisheries for Integration with ERPs – Integration of data in Enterprise Resource Planning systems for forecasting, costs calculation, and other integration in custom made formulas.
  4. Fishing ships tracking API for Apps creation – a creation of mobile applications and using the API as a part of the services of the mobile app
  5. Other uses of fishing ships movement API – implementation of maritime data in other Project Management platforms, portals, websites etc.

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